Periodontal (gum) disease is characterized by the accumulation of plaque (a clear, sticky film) and calculus (tartar) around the teeth. This accumulation can cause the deterioration of the teeth as well as the gums and bones that support it. Periodontal disease can be identified by the appearance of swollen, red, and bleeding gums. If left untreated, periodontal disease will begin to destroy the bone and gums, as well as the teeth.
The early stages of periodontal diseases are usually painless, making it difficult to detect. If you are experiencing any of the following signs or symptoms, you may have periodontal disease:
- Red, inflamed, and/or bleeding gums
- Gum recession
- Loose teeth
- Increased spaces between teeth
- Discomfort and tenderness
- Incessant bad breath
- Pus near the gums and teeth
Periodontal disease poses many health risks in addition to the possibility of losing your permanent teeth. Untreated periodontal disease has been associated with many dangerous diseases, including stroke, diabetes, and heart disease.
To avoid periodontal disease, it is very important to maintain a good oral hygiene routine that includes daily flossing and brushing, eating a balanced diet, and attending your regular visits to our Kailua, HI dental practice. If you are experiencing any pain or tenderness in your teeth or gums, we strongly recommend that you visit our office immediately.